Unit 18 - Design and implementation of effective and efficient policies

Harrington, Phill (Australia) / Awano, Hirohisa (France)

Governments have a key role to play in the delivery of a sustainable built environment. They exercise considerable influence throughout the building's lifecycle, beginning with land development, redevelopment and planning processes. At this early stage, governments can influence the location and overall character of the development via development approvals, zoning requirements and by specifying the degree of integration of the development with existing and surrounding infrastructure, such as transport nodes, housing and commercial and social services. In addition, the resource efficiency of new buildings is generally influenced by building codes, which may also extend to requirements for the ongoing operation and maintenance of the building (including indoor air quality measures) and for refurbishment of the existing building stock, to extend the effective life of existing buildings. Other policies may influence the eco-efficiency of the materials used in construction, operation and renovation process, including the environmental impacts associated with construction, incentives for recycling of building materials, and the efficiency of building components (such as glazing and lighting systems). Research, development and demonstration programs will help to push new technologies and processes into the market. In addition, policies may influence building performance via economic incentives in the building market, including rating and accreditation schemes, tax and depreciation provisions, leasing policies and incentives; or via voluntary agreements with industry. Finally, polices that affect the price of energy and other inputs, and/or pollution control measures, will also influence the sustainability of the building sector.

At the same time, building development is primarily a private sector activity, and therefore it is important that the government's influence on the process is as ‘light-handed’ as possible, while still ensuring that the broader public interest is served. Excessive or overly-prescriptive regulation could be expected to discourage innovation, while the overall policy environment should aim to encourage above-minimum performance, continuous improvement and high productivity. The problem for government, therefore, is to judge the design and mix of policy measures that will be effective in delivering key public good outcomes, but with least economic cost and least constraint on the building sector. This paper provides a short overview of some of the possible solutions, as an indicator of areas likely to be discussed in this stream at SB05.

Titles of the papers and names of the authors:
Some authors have made their presentation materials available for viewing.
18-001 A model for implementing absolute indicators of sustainable development
Thomas Uher, Australia
18-002 Production of recycled sand from construction and demolition waste - A social and environmental brazilian business plan
Silvia M. S. Selmo, Brazil
18-003 Demonstration projects for sustainable building: Towards a strategy for sustainable development in the building sector
Paula Femenias, Sweden
18-004 5 star housing: Performance based building regulation delivers major sustainability outcomes for the state of Victoria, Australia
Robert Enker, Australia
18-005 New triplet visions on sustainable building
H.J.H. Brouwers, Netherlands
presentation material [pdf]
18-006 The sustainable organization of office work - the focus on work patterns and urban planning before technology
Andy van den Dobbelsteen, Netherlands
18-007 Former squatters in city inner center's lots for low income housing projects
Lia Affonso Ferreira Barros, Brazil
18-008 Designing an effective policy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by thermal insulation of houses focusing on fluorocarbon leakage
Tadashi Mizuishi, Japan
18-009 Adoption of EU directives requirements on building energy efficiency in Latvian Building Codes
Olita Belindzeva-Korkla, Latvia
18-010 Policies, norms and specific projects for sustainable housing in Mexico.
Evangelina Hirata, Mexico
18-011 How EPD practically contributes to an efficient policy setting in the building sector in Europe
Philippe Osset, France
presentation material [pdf]
18-012 Energy-efficency regulations and better design practices in new commercial buildings in Mexico
Jose Picciotto, Mexico
18-013 Cost and value in sustainable building practice: Toward market transformation and government action in Australian housing
Margaret Kam, Australia
18-014 Towards environmentally sustainable housing finance
Takahiko Hasegawa, Japan
18-015 Performance agreements for sustainable building in the renewal of post-war housing areas
Karin Soldaat, Netherlands
18-016 Evaluation of policies for improving energy efficiency in buildings
Shoichi Ando, Japan
18-017 The effectiveness of the energy labels in improving sustainability in the building stock
Milou Beerepoot, Netherlands
18-018 Policy options for sustainable construction in Hong Kong
Rumin Yin, Hong Kong
18-019 A conceptual framework for sustainable -affordable housing for the rural poor in less developed economies
Deepa Nair, India
18-020 Use of economic instruments for sustainable construction and challenges for 2010 in Paris region
Dominique Sellier, France
18-021 Towards sustainable development in property and construction - A survey of drivers, trends, strategies and instruments
David Lorenz, Germany
presentation material [pdf]
18-022 Developing a sustainability framework for New Zealand homes
Rachel Hargreaves, New Zealand
18-023 The Indian experience
Kamla Kant Asthana, India
18-024 From vision to sustainability - Can the environmental program facilitate to convey the message?
Ulrica Wallstrom, Sweden
18-025 Development of policy evaluation simulator for policy design towards energy efficient housing - Prototype model for energy efficiency improvement in the sub-lease contract system -
Tomoko Hirano, Japan
18-026 Canadian strategies for energy efficient buildings
Anne Auger, Canada
18-027 Developing energy performance standards for UK housing: The Stamford Brook project.
David Roberts, United Kingdom
18-028 The implementation of the sustainable campus policy in Taiwan case study on 45 elementary and junior high schools in northern Taiwan area
Shih-Hung Yang, Taiwan
18-029 Sustainable buildings and cities: Economic and policy challenges
Jean Cinq-Mars, Canada